More than 50% of trades in Forex market somehow involve the US dollar.
In fact, EURUSD is the most traded currency pair in the world that takes about 30% of the total multi-billion dollar Forex turnover. And it is not surprising, since the economies of the US and the European Union are the largest ones.
Traders prefer such currency pairs because their liquidity and thereby trading conditions are better than that of other pairs.
Probably, everyone would keep trading EURUSD only, if there was no need for diversification.
That is why traders also use other currency pairs. Moreover, their trading volume correlates with the size of the economy in corresponding countries.
So, the British pound, the Japanese yen, the Swiss franc, the Australian, and the Canadian dollars will make up the most actively traded currency pairs together with the US dollar and the Euro.
The Most Traded Currency Pairs
What are the most actively traded currency pairs in forex? The top 10 most popular currency pairs include the Major ones, as well as several Cross currency pairs.
The most traded pairs broken down by categories:
- Among the Major pairs and in general – EURUSD;
- Among the Minor pairs – EURJPY;
- Among the Exotic pairs – USDHKD.
The full list of top traded currency pairs, as well as their approximate trading volume, is available in the following table:
|#||Currency Pair||Volume, %|
Interestingly, USD/DEM was the most widely traded currency pair before the Euro was introduced. The Deutsche Mark was the second-largest reserve currency in the world at the time, which attracted traders' interest.
What Does Popularity of Currency Pair Affect?
First of all, actively traded pairs have high liquidity. Since more people are interested in an asset, the easier it is to buy and to sell.
High currency pair liquidity, in turn, enables trades with lower commission costs. The traders call them the trading conditions.
Thus, the EURUSD pair will commonly have the best trading conditions:
- The lowest spread;
- Minimum commission for rolling over open positions to the next trading day (swap);
- No or small commission for opening a trade;
- Fast trade execution.
In addition to the trading conditions, the popularity of a currency pair also affects its informational visibility:
- All sorts of analytics and expert opinions;
- Trading forecasts and signals are preferably published for the most popular pairs;
- Regular coverage of events in the news media and reviews;
- Most guides provide examples specifically for major currency pairs;
- And so forth.
It is often argued that the top traded pairs are also the most predictable ones. However, this fact is not supported and is based mainly on guesses.
The Most Traded Pairs by Region
Each line on the chart represents the activity of a specific currency pair, i.e., its volatility in pips during the day. The pairs were selected in such a way as to visually demonstrate the influence of a region on the “tradability” of a pair.
What’s interesting about the chart?
- The most active trading hours in the Forex market are 7:00-16:00 (UTC). You can expect to achieve the goals within this period. While the lowest level of currency pairs movement is from 3:00 to 7:00 (UTC).
- The peak of currency pairs’ activity is observed when the London and the New York trading sessions overlap. The most “traded time” is 15:00 (UTC).
- If countries have the same trading sessions (working hours), the currency pair will be actively traded only within the given session. As you can see in the chart above, USDCAD ignores the London session opening. Other pairs – EURGBP and AUDNZD – do the same.
Install the trading session indicator directly in MT4. By doing so, you won’t have to constantly look at your watch or measure the trading session duration to determine the most active trading time for the selected pair.
The Least Traded Pair
We have listed the most liquid Forex pairs, but can we identify the least traded ones?
Each list has its first and last number. However, things aren't that simple when it comes to currency pairs.
To date, there are about 180 different currency names in the world. So, the number of possible currency pair combinations is 16,110.
Hypothetically, we can assume that the SZL/VUV (the Eswatini Lilangeni/the Vanuatu Vatu) pair may be the world’s least traded one. We can also say the same for hundreds of other extremely exotic pairs. However, it’s not possible to determine exactly which one is traded the least.
If we limit the list only to Forex pairs (available in the trading terminal), the least traded ones will be the following:
- Among the Major pairs – NZDUSD;
- Among the Minor pairs – NZDCHF;
- Among the Exotic pairs – GBPHUF.
These pairs have shown the minimum trading volume at the time of this writing.
The popularity of a currency pair provides the best trading conditions. Therefore, to start, you better use such pairs.
When choosing a currency pair, make sure to analyze its intraday activity. Some of them are traded only at a specific time of the day.
The trading volume of a currency pair is not a constant value. The numbers and values given in the article were gathered during the writing and may change over time.